It is well documented that increases in average vehicle efficiency has caused shortfalls in federal and state funding for roads.
I don't think that needs to be rehashed here. That is the weakness of the gas tax I am referring too. You think that a strength of the gas tax is that it is cheap to administer, fair enough... the your response to me is probably just to raise the gas tax... fair enough. I still call that a weakness of the gas tax as it is currently structured, especially when politicians don't seem to have the support to ever raise it.
Certainly large trucks with high axle weights do the bulk of the damage, and the costs associated with that damage should be bore by the offending parties... but that is not what this discussion is about (at least not the one I'm having). It is about whether or not people driving EV's should be able to drive on roads that they don't pay comparable fees to build and maintain while similarly sized cars pay the gas tax and similarly sized hybrids pay a smaller gas tax (and I do realize that gas taxes don't cover all of the roads, no need to point that out). My point is simply that whatever it should cost a 3000lb focus to use the road should be similar to a 3000lb prius and a 3000lb leaf because they all take up the same amount of space, do the same amount of damage, and require the same access. If you want to incentivize low emissions then tax carbon and use that revenue to mitigate the issues that carbon emissions cause.
Since we already pay a registration fee how much additional revenue would it cost to implement a road maintenance fee? It all comes in one bill, I pay my regular registration with an EV fee. There is probably some software that just spits it out automatically. Sure, if we can get rid of registration altogether then I might be persuaded to agree with your overall point but I don't know if that is even a realistic prospect.
Some states including my own have had varying degrees of non expiring plates; aka you only buy the plate when you buy a car. Those systems work but get backlash on a "jobs" standpoint when wide spread.
Next if an EV is rated say 98mpge is it really fair to charge them the same as a 35mpg gas car?
That will only encourage folks to drive 8mpg v12 3000lb cars since there would be minimal cost penalty to drive a Maserati VRS a 50mpg Prius for example.
Individual electric bills are already 50-90% tax depending on how many municipalities (power sub stations) your power flows through as each one gets a penny or two of tax.
So you are paying tax on your electricity already just not road tax.
Like it or not gas taxes punish those who use the most fuel, which in my mind is a critical point.
If my state would have implemented its Alternative fuel tax and related wheel tax I would have sold my EV because my other car (a gen 1 insight) uses about the same amount of fuel yearly $$$ as the yearly cost of registration would become for the EV.
I'm likely not the only one who would see that.
You need to leave folks an out and a reason to be efficient or you will kill adoption of the cars (which is already dismal)
Given that gas tax punishes those who waste gas (which is polluting) isn't it fair that EVs get excluded from it? Further there are so few EVs that taxing them specially has no affect on the budget crisis.
My state literally has 5000 evs period.
Even charging a very high nominal rate won't even pay for a single mile of highway.
We shouldn't even be having this discussion until there is more than 5% EV adoption, today it's around 0.1%
My states budget review board found the cost to update software, identify , mail and tax EVs was nearly equal to the first year and a half of revenue and not worthwhile.
I think that will continue to be the case for many years.
In the end is it worth charging an EV a special mail in fee when most all of it will go to admin costs just so people thinks it's fair?
We don't live in a fair world, farmers get mostly tax free fuel for example, forestry and mine equipment does as well
Maybe close other loopholes first before we add another ineffective tax