Page 403 of 404

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Wed May 16, 2018 5:28 pm
by GRA
As a matter of general info, via GCC:
DOE: 10 million metric tons of hydrogen produced annually in the US; 68% for petroleum processing

. . . About 21% of the hydrogen is used in the production of fertilizer. Most of the hydrogen produced in the United States comes from steam methane reforming.

There are currently 1,600 miles of hydrogen pipeline in the United States and there are large hydrogen production facilities in almost every state.

There's a map showing production facilities by daily output.

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Fri May 18, 2018 3:28 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
SoCalGas introduces STARS solar hydrogen generation system at California Air Resources Board Symposium

. . . The project is a partnership between SoCalGas, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the STARS Corporation. The generation system uses sunlight to convert natural gas and water into hydrogen and capture the carbon dioxide (CO2) to prevent carbon emissions.

A separate SoCalGas research and development project is studying the production of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from carbon captured during hydrogen production. (Earlier post.)

Developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) (earlier post), the Solar Thermochemical Advanced Reactor System (STARS) produces hydrogen through a thermochemical process in which the sun provides thermal energy to break down natural gas and water into hydrogen and carbon dioxide in a steam methane reforming process.

The STARS technology is based on micro- and meso-channel processing technologies (MMPT) that have been demonstrated on a variety of different reactors and heat exchangers for intensifying processing applications. Using MMPT arrangements there are multiple applications under consideration for STARS, including the production of syngas, hydrogen, and methanol, using steam-methane reforming and dry reforming approaches.

Results from extensive testing show STARS can be configured to produce hydrogen and other chemicals without any carbon emissions reaching the atmosphere. These chemicals trap and use the carbon that would otherwise be emitted. The carbon then can be used to make chemicals that become resins and plastic materials.

STARS converts a record-setting 70% of solar energy into chemical energy. . . .

STARS Corporation hopes to have a commercial demonstration operating in one to two years.

This technology is undergoing field testing at San Diego State University’s Brawley campus where it runs on solar and renewable electricity. Currently the system produces about 25 kg of hydrogen per day if operated around the clock using a combination of solar energy and renewable gas or electricity. This is the equivalent of 25 gallons of gasoline or diesel fuel. Research suggests the system could produce 100 kg of hydrogen per day with a more advanced design. . . .

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Sat May 19, 2018 4:29 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
DOE SBIR/STTR FY18 BES Phase 1 Release 1 awards include 15 for hydrogen and fuel cells

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has announced the 2018 Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) Phase I Release 1 awards, including 15 projects focused on high density hydrogen storage, innovative ionomers (ion-containing polymers) in the catalyst layer, gas diffusion layers, and membranes for electrochemical production of hydrogen. These projects are awarded through the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Award winners include:

High Density Hydrogen Storage

    NuMat Technologies: High-Density Hydrogen Storage in Space-Filling Polyhedral Sorbents. The proposed program will develop and demonstrate a new technology for effectively consolidating porous sorbent materials; thus, enabling the high-density storage of onboard hydrogen and bringing the US into the forefront of the global fuel-cell powered vehicle market.

    Nextgen Battery Technologies: High-Density Hydrogen Storage in Space-Filling Polyhedral Sorbents. The proposed program will develop and demonstrate a new technology for effectively consolidating porous sorbent materials; thus, enabling the high-density storage of onboard hydrogen and bringing the US into the forefront of the global fuel-cell powered vehicle market.

    E&G Associates, Inc.: Development of Novel Compaction Regimes for Hydrogen Storage Materials. Current technology for hydrogen storage requires high pressure systems which are too large and costly to be viable for transportation. This Phase I SBIR project’s objective is to develop a compact material based solution, which allows high volume hydrogen storage in a small footprint, making hydrogen powered vehicles more feasible. . . .


    Giner, Inc.: Innovative Bilayer Microporous Layer for PEM Fuel Cells. The broad commercialization of fuel cell vehicles requires further cost reduction of the system. One of the approaches is to enhance the fuel cell power density for a given system size, which requires unhindered mass transport at high current operations. The gas diffusion media is a critical component to address the water and mass transport issue. This proposed bilayer microporous layer-based gas diffusion media design with combined pore size gradient and hydrophilic/hydrophobic gradient would enable to achieve these goals.

    Xergy, Inc.: Novel membranes for Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression enabling increased pressure capability and higher pumping efficiency. As part of the infrastructure development for widespread hydrogen utilization, robust low-cost hydrogen compression is required. Xergy/RPI is developing membranes for hydrogen compression to high pressure to address this need. This adaptable membrane chemistry has utility in compression and occupancy sensors which will have a large impact on energy demand.

    Sustainable Innovations: Novel Sulfonated Block Copolymers for Efficient Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression. Sustainable Innovations Inc. (SI), and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) are teaming to evaluate new ionic polymer membranes developed at RPI in SI’s electrochemical hydrogen separation and compression systems with the commercial goal of reducing the cost of hydrogen for industrial and fueling customers. Gaia Energy Research Institute will provide techno-economic analysis of the new membrane manufacturing costs.

The article also lists the awardees in the other two areas.

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Thu Jun 07, 2018 5:31 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
EDF and McPhy partner to develop carbon-free hydrogen in France and around the world; EDF invests €16M

Founded in 2008, McPhy offers a full range of hydrogen solutions including electrolyzers, hydrogen refueling stations and storage facilities. McPhy covers the entire value chain from R&D through to engineering, manufacturing, production, operations and maintenance. . . .

EDF’s goals lie in the development of a carbon-free and competitive range of hydrogen solutions, primarily for industrial and mobility clients, by drawing on its industry partners and the momentum built up by specific regions. The Group has already been active on the R&D front for more than 15 years in hydrogen, including electrolyzers and vehicle refueling stations, at its EIFER research center in Karlsruhe. . . .

In France, McPhy is actively involved in rolling out hydrogen-based solutions. These include industrial projects, such as a 1 MW unit for GRTgaz in Fos-sur-Mer, and also mobility projects. Out of the 20 or so hydrogen stations in France, it has supplied equipment for 13. The company has also achieved commercial success on a number of fronts outside France. For example, it won a contract in China to deliver hydrogen production equipment for Jiantou Yanshan Wind Energy's 4 MW unit.

EDF will be able to offer its customers new services reducing their carbon footprint while enhancing their competitiveness. These skills in producing and marketing carbon-free hydrogen also dovetail perfectly with EDF Group's strategy in electromobility. EDF considers electrolytic hydrogen as a crucial means of reducing the carbon footprint of economic sectors (industry, mobility) when it is manufactured using carbon-free electricity, as it is the case with EDF’s low carbon mix combining nuclear power and renewable energy.

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Mon Jun 11, 2018 3:09 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
Swansea study finds 30% of the UK’s natural gas could be replaced by hydrogen without major changes

30% of the natural gas fueling UK homes and businesses could be replaced by hydrogen without requiring any changes to the nation’s boilers and ovens, a study by Swansea University researchers has shown. Over time the move could cut UK carbon dioxide emissions by up to 18%. The open-access study is published in the RSC journal Sustainable Energy & Fuels.

The difference between the two percentages—30% hydrogen enrichment and a potential 18% drop in carbon emissions—arises from the fact that hydrogen-enrichment lowers the calorific content of the fuel, necessitating a higher volume of gas for a given energy output. . . .

Domestic gas usage accounts for 9% of UK emissions. In an effort to reduce annual carbon emissions, there is presently a concerted effort from researchers worldwide to offset the usage of natural gas. Enriching natural gas with hydrogen (HENG) is one option. Experiments have shown that modern-day gas appliances work safely and reliably with hydrogen-enriched natural gas as the fuel. It is already used in parts of Germany and the Netherlands. A £600-million (US$805-million) government-backed trial is taking place in the UK this year.

Natural gas naturally contains a small quantity of hydrogen, although current UK legislation restricts the allowed proportion to 0.1%. The question the Swansea team investigated was how far they could increase the percentage of hydrogen in natural gas, before it became unsuitable as a fuel, for example because the flames became unstable. . . .

    Through consideration of the Wobbe Index, we discuss the relationship between molar hydrogen percentage and annual carbon dioxide output, as well as the predicted effect of hydrogen-enrichment on fuel costs. It is further shown that in addition to suppressing both blow-off and yellow-tipping, hydrogen-enrichment of natural gas does not significantly increase the risk of flash-back on ignition for realistic burner setups, while flash-back at extinction is avoided for circular port diameters of less than 3.5 mm unless the proportion of hydrogen exceeds 34.7 mol%. It is thus proposed that up to 30 mol% of the natural gas supply may be replaced in the UK with guaranteed safety and reliability for the domestic end-user, without any modification of the appliance infrastructure.

    —Jones et al. . . .

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Tue Jun 12, 2018 3:05 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
Ballard, Audi sign 3.5-year extension to long-term program for fuel cell cars; extension supports Audi through vehicle launch

Ballard Power Systems signed a 3.5-year extension to its current Technology Solutions contract with Audi AG (earlier post), extending the HyMotion program to August 2022. The aggregate value of the contract extension is expected to be C$80-to-130 million (US$62-100 million). The program will support Audi through its small series production launch.

Ballard signed an initial 4-year contract with Volkswagen AG in March 2013, followed by a 2-year extension in February 2015, with the full 6-year contract term running to March 2019. Audi AG assumed leadership of the program in 2016.

The HyMotion program encompasses automotive fuel cell stack development as well as system design support activities. Ballard is focused on the design and manufacture of world-leading, next-generation fuel cell stacks for use in Audi’s demonstration car program. Ballard engineers are leading critical areas of fuel cell product design—including the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), plate and stack components—along with certain testing and integration work. . . .

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Thu Jun 14, 2018 4:20 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
Linde submits LCFS pathway application for hydrogen from sodium chlorate production: 56.06 gCO2e/MJ

Linde LLC submitted a Tier 2 application for the California Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) for a Tier 2 pathway for hydrogen as a co-product from the commercial electrolytic production of sodium chlorate from a facility located in Québec, Canada.

The produced hydrogen is liquefied and transported via truck to fueling stations in California. . . .

The carbon intensity—including liquefaction, transportation and regasification—is calculated as 56.06 gCO2e/MJ. The LCFS currently has 14 certified pathways for hydrogen, with CIs ranging from 165.88 gCO2e/MJ (Linde Canada production of hydrogen from central reforming of natural gas), to 0 (hydrogen production via electrolysis using solar electricity) to -46.91 (landfill gas to on-site hydrogen production via cracking of methane).

Also GCC:
DOE seeking feedback on regulatory barriers to hydrogen infrastructure

SQL errors, so can't quote it.

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Sat Jun 16, 2018 10:26 am
by edatoakrun

Nissan and Renault shelve fuel cell vehicle plan

Project with Daimler and Ford will now focus on electric vehicles

TOKYO -- Nissan Motor and Renault have decided to suspend a plan to commercialize a fuel cell vehicle that they were developing with Daimler and Ford Motor.

The project began in 2013. The automakers thought that by pooling their resources they could come up with an affordable, mass-production car.

Nissan, Renault, Daimler and Ford are to continue cooperating but shift their focus to electric cars, which appear to be on the cusp of going mainstream.

In the beginning, the European, Japanese and U.S. partners planned to develop standard components that would help all four reduce their development costs. They were determined to mass-produce a fuel cell vehicle in 2017.

That did not happen...

Meanwhile, Ford and Daimler on Wednesday announced they would end a separate fuel cell joint venture.

Renault owns more than 43% of Nissan, which has a 15% non-voting stake in Renault. Their group, which includes Mitsubishi Motors, has set a global target of selling 14 million vehicles in 2022. Of the total, 30% is expected to be electric or hybrid vehicles.

The three companies plan to develop a common electric vehicle platform and use it to make 12 models. ... hicle-plan

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Sat Jun 16, 2018 3:42 pm
by GRA
edatoakrun wrote:HFCV, RIP...

Nissan and Renault shelve fuel cell vehicle plan

Project with Daimler and Ford will now focus on electric vehicles

Interesting. GM/Honda just recently announced their continuing partnership for FCEVs*, and then there's Toyota/KIa/Hyundai, so we'll see if the abandonment of FCEV development spreads or stops there.

*GM/Honda also announced recently that they're also going to collaborate on battery development:

Re: Hydrogen and FCEVs discussion thread

Posted: Sat Jun 16, 2018 4:13 pm
by GRA
Via GCC:
Shell and HTEC launch Canada’s first retail hydrogen vehicle refueling station

. . . Canada’s first retail hydrogen refueling station . . . located at 8686 Granville Street in Vancouver. This is the first retail hydrogen vehicle refuelling station in Canada open to the public, and the first of three sites that Shell and HTEC plan to open in Vancouver.

The launch of the Vancouver station follows similar openings in the UK, California, and in Germany, where Shell is part of a joint venture with the ambition to open a network of up to 400 hydrogen sites by 2023. Shell is also assessing the potential of future projects in the United States, Switzerland, Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, China and the Netherlands.

Critical investment in the station comes from LGM Financial Services, along with funding from both the Provincial and Federal governments. . . .