Trialogue negotiations between the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission on the post-2020 EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) took place in Strasbourg on 13 June, resulting in a preliminary agreement on EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED II).
The new regulatory framework includes a binding renewable energy target for the EU for 2030 of 32% with an upwards revision clause by 2023. A minimum share of at least 14% of fuel for transport purposes must come from renewable sources by 2030. In particular:
First generation biofuel, based on food crops, must be capped at 2020 levels (with an extra 1%) and in no case exceed 7% of final consumption of road and rail transport;
The share of advanced biofuels and biogas must be at least 1% in 2025 and at least 3.5% in 2030.
Food-crop biofuels such as palm oil, which have a high indirect land use change (ILUC), will be phased out through a certification process for low-ILUC biofuels, which is to be set up.
The provisional deal now needs the approval of both EU ministers and MEPs. . . .
Guy [I have lots of experience designing/selling off-grid AE systems, some using EVs but don't own one. Local trips are by foot, bike and/or rapid transit].
The 'best' is the enemy of 'good enough'. Copper shot, not Silver bullets.