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### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Fri Jan 01, 2016 11:32 pm
plieshout wrote:Anybody knows what that means?
Some of us thought that it had something to do with internal resistance, but we're not exactly sure.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sat Jan 02, 2016 3:04 am

2 days ago the data was:
AHr: 63,15
SOH:96%
Hx: 97,04%

Now after a night of charging with the standard Nissan charger to 100% the numbers are:
AHr: 66,66
SOH:100%
Hx 102,35%

car milage is about 10.000 miles now. We drive the car every day for about 100 miles.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Mon Feb 29, 2016 3:39 pm
Can someone please explain what SOH is? Is it a raw value from the CAN bus, or is it derived somehow? Is it the same as what was referred to as Capacity/CAP earlier in this thread, and if so, what was the rationale for renaming it SOH? How does it relate to the ratio of Ah(now)/Ah(new) and the ratio of GIDS(now)/GIDS(new)?

Thanks.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Tue Apr 26, 2016 5:06 pm
Hi,

Edited on 5May16 to remove irrelevant ...

There are 4 metrics used in LeafSPy:
- Ah
- SOC
- SOH
- Hx

Have those being defined?

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sun May 15, 2016 11:08 am
analyser wrote:Hi,

Edited on 5May16 to remove irrelevant ...

There are 4 metrics used in LeafSPy:
- Ah
- SOC
- SOH
- Hx

Have those being defined?
I would suggest reading the Help in the LeafSpy app or you can request a PDF of it for easier reading.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sun May 15, 2016 11:09 am
SparkyEV wrote:Can someone please explain what SOH is? Is it a raw value from the CAN bus, or is it derived somehow? Is it the same as what was referred to as Capacity/CAP earlier in this thread, and if so, what was the rationale for renaming it SOH? How does it relate to the ratio of Ah(now)/Ah(new) and the ratio of GIDS(now)/GIDS(new)?

Thanks.
Reading the Help that comes with the app will explain the values.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sat Sep 03, 2016 9:04 am
I've been looking at SOH and Hx values for a year. I've noticed that Hx fluctuations are happening more often
and usually result in SOH changing its value after a short period of time.
If Hx value is going down SOH value will round down to Hx almost immediately (1-2 trips). Usually only 1%.
If Hx value gets up (next whole number) SOH value will follow but more slowly (usually at least a day or two).

Hx value can be raised with heavy usage (acceleration or DC charging).
Sometimes Hx/SOH values go wild, especially if constantly charging to 80% with only shallow discharges.
Doing so for a month and then going below VLBW might result in surprise turtle (whole pack gets really
unbalanced and weakest cell dictates turtle). Happened to me twice.

3-4 month per year my battery temperature is between 2 and 4 bars. This year Hx/SOH values froze and never
updated during winter period. I managed to get a small update during one longer trip with DC charges
(battery got to around 5 bars) a month before spring. Update was modest (less than 0,5% Hx and no SOH)
Most likely BMS is unable to calculate precise capacity if chemistry is cold - therefore it doesn't even try.

I've noticed that at ideal temperatures Hx updates quite often. I've seen updates every few minutes during driving.
My rare occurrences of 100% charge usually encourage Hx updates. Same with deep discharges. 100% charge
often results in BMS balancing the pack (i believe?) as most shunts are red during whole trip after 100% charge.

2014 UK Leaf, 61500km, 91% SOH 90,9-91,7Hx. Normal cycle between 80% and LBW.
Never seen less than 5 regen bubbles below 90% SOC.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sat Oct 15, 2016 2:04 am
I feel my experience may be useful here at this point in the thread

Hx very definitively seems to be a measure of internal resistance. That is, how difficult it is for energy to enter or leave the battery, relative to a new battery. At 100%, it performs just like a new battery. It's hard to tell what 0% is, but I have a good dang impression...

I saw a Leaf a short while ago that had 6/12 bars -- 50% degradation! Yeah, half its battery capacity. https://goo.gl/photos/vZ3D252e7gNyU77r7 -- and it had 29.38% Hx.

The result of Hx? It could not quick-charge at all, basically. I think it only took in about 25 amps, max -- or, what is that, about 10 kW, out of 50 -- at just below 50% SOC. As it approached 66%-70% SOC, it slowed to about 7 kW, and eventually got below 6.6kW, then charging on a quick charger even slower than my 6.6kW Leaf's onboard charger.

So, the correlation between Hx and apparent internal resistance is very strong.

OTOH, the SOH figure precisely matched the bars on the dash - he'd just lost his 6th bar (which is what got our attention and came in to get a Leaf Spy report pulled from his car), and it showed 50% SOH, exactly half (6 of 12 bars remain, 6 of 12 bars lost).

So, SOH is clearly "capacity remaining" and Hx is "internal resistance". The lower your Hx, the less regen and slower quick charges you get -- also, the more sensitive it is to heavy acceleration. Accelerating hard on a low Hx will dramatically reduce your range (and heat the battery).

Hope this helps clear any remaining fog up.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sat Oct 15, 2016 2:18 am
^^^
Very interesting, esp. how crappy QCing became for that 6 BL. Those are terrible rates.

Over at http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.p ... 51#p472551, I pointed to what appears to be a 7 bar loser, assuming his car was fully booted. That poster is confused.

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Posted: Sat Oct 15, 2016 6:46 am
cwerdna wrote:^^^
Very interesting, esp. how crappy QCing became for that 6 BL. Those are terrible rates.

Over at http://www.mynissanleaf.com/viewtopic.p ... 51#p472551, I pointed to what appears to be a 7 bar loser, assuming his car was fully booted. That poster is confused.
yep but not due to degradation so much as the charging profile Nissan used in earlier models. My 2013 with 43,500 miles with 12 bars charges at 40 amps at 50% SOC.

The other day, I was charging when a 30 kwh 2016 SV pulled up and plugged in. He wasn't that low but was going home to Bellevue and wanted to top off. We talked while the cars were charging and I happened to look over and he was charging at 97 (max is 100 amps on EVGO station) amps at 85%! At the same time, I was charging at 30 amps at 72%....

SUCKS!

Can't wait to dump this LEAF and get a one with a real fast charge option!