http://www.greencarcongress.com/2016/03 ... qland.html
US$12M advanced biofuel pilot plant for Queensland, Australia
The Queensland, Australia government announced that a[n] . . . advanced biofuels pilot plant will be built at Southern Oil Refining’s Yarwun plant at Gladstone. If successful, the pilot plant will be expanded to a large commercial-scale refinery costing $150 million and producing 200 million liters (53 million gallons US) of advanced biofuel annually, suitable for military, marine and aviation use. . . .
The pilot plant is expected to be operational by later this year and within the next three years aims to have produced one million liters (264,000 gallons US) of fuel for use in field trials by the US Navy as part of its Great Green Fleet initiative, and also by the Australian Navy. . . .
The plant will use biomass material such as sugarcane bagasse and possibly prickly acacia as feedstock for the production of bio crude oil, which will then be distilled into salable kerosene and diesel products.
http://www.greencarcongress.com/2016/03 ... tjspk.html
ASTM ballot greenlights approval of ATJ-SPK biojet from alcohol; Gevo 1st commercial test flight with Alaska Airlines
EIA paper published Oct. 2015:
http://www.eia.gov/workingpapers/pdf/fl ... tffuel.pdf
The Flight Paths for Biojet Fuel
Jet fuel is a 22-billion-gallon per year market in the United States and about 80 billion gallons per year
Biofuels have made inroads into gasoline and diesel fuel supplies, but are only beginning to
enter the jet fuel market. “Biojet” is a term that describes fuel made from renewable, biologically derived
raw materials and, once blended with petroleum jet fuel, is suitable for use in an unmodified jet
engine. “Alternative jet fuel” is a more general term that describes jet fuel blending components made
from biogenic and fossil (e.g. coal, natural gas, industrial waste gases, or the non-biogenic portion of
municipal solid waste) feedstocks. There are several reasons for interest in biojet. Airlines and the U.S.
Department of Defense are looking to biojet to diversify fuel supplies and lower fuel costs in the long
run. As with other transportation modes, greenhouse gases are a concern for aviation. The
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the United Nations body that sets standards and
recommended practices for international aviation, has set a goal for international aviation to achieve
carbon-neutral growth from 2020.2 . . . .
15 pages plus appendices, goes into detail about the current state of the art producing biojet (including the method used by GEVO above), usage, growth pathways, issues etc.