## Capacity vs Hx (Health)

dwl
Posts: 107
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 5:06 pm
Delivery Date: 08 Jan 2016
Leaf Number: 112097
Location: New Zealand

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

lorenfb wrote:
dwl wrote: Can anyone confirm how accurately it might be measuring resistance
"measuring resistance" ?????????????
The Leaf Spy manual says: “Hx The meaning of this number is not fully understood but it appears to be inversely related to the battery internal resistance. As the internal resistance of the battery pack increases it is thought this percentage decreases. As internal resistance increases more energy is lost within the pack and the pack heats up more under load.”

I am asking how well the Hx measure is tracking resistance and to avoid confusion I should have added “noting it is represented as an inverse ratio (conductance or susceptance)”. Sorry I didn’t add that. I am not suggesting it is a direct measure and never considered it has units of Ohms or even Siemens.

With the new values of 115 appearing for the 40kWh it is possible this has not been scaled and this pack has 15% less resistance than the 30kWh. However, it seems to me unlikely the 30kWh was the same as the 24kWh when new.

From the other thread:
Roddzilla wrote:After update:
AHr = 65.30
SOH = 82.16
Hx = 58.34
ODO = 35,815
1 capacity bar gone (2 were recovered by the update!)
What we are seeing is low Hx on the 30kWh and if this is representing the change of resistance as a linear measure (e.g. 100/58.34=1.7x more resistance than new) it is a lot. For a car that has been restored to 82% SoH with the update there are valid concerns about the “health” of the battery.

Some help from battery scientists may be needed. I understood by the time the resistance had risen to 2 to 2.5x when new it was starting to get into the later stages of Lithium plating but this may be wrong. Hopefully Hx isn’t a linear measure and resistance hasn’t risen that much. Any other insights welcomed.
2014 S - 6000 km Jan 2016; 45000 km May 2017 95% SoH; 68,000 km Mar 2018 90% SoH

Turbo3
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Posts: 2011
Joined: Mon Jul 19, 2010 8:34 pm
Delivery Date: 12 May 2011
Leaf Number: 002191
Location: San Jose, CA

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.

Here is a graph of data captured with the next version of LeafSpy Pro I am working on. Blue is voltage and Read is battery amps. This is of a full power run on my 2011 Leaf Hx of 38.36. You can see the Leaf limiting power to the motor at the start. The voltage drop should be directly related to the internal resistance of the battery.

As you can see this version of LeafSpy supports sample rates 30 times faster than the current version (even with logging enabled). This is accomplished by read data from only a single ECU. So the data logged is limited to what the ECU provides for that CAN message.

It would be interesting to see what a new 2018 Leaf graph would look like.

TM-Spy can generate the same graph for a Tesla. Unlike Nissan Tesla does not limit the power to the motor at the start.
Last edited by Turbo3 on Tue Jul 24, 2018 7:21 pm, edited 1 time in total.

JPWhite
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Leaf Number: 5734
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### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:
TM-Spy can generate the same graph for a Tesla. Unlike Nissan Tesla does not limit the power to the motor at the start.
TM-Spy. Cool.

Will TM-Spy work with the Model 3? Hope to get M3 next month.
--
JP White
http://jpwhitenissanleaf.com
2011 Blue SL-e, 132,400 Miles.
Lost 5 Capacity bars
7/18/13 (29,206), 8/25/14 (51,728), 7/12/15 (71.108), 5/12/16 (88,362), 10/17/16 (96,532)
New Battery 12/3/16 (98,956)
2018 Model 3 20,000 Miles.

Turbo3
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Posts: 2011
Joined: Mon Jul 19, 2010 8:34 pm
Delivery Date: 12 May 2011
Leaf Number: 002191
Location: San Jose, CA

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

JPWhite wrote:
Turbo3 wrote:
TM-Spy can generate the same graph for a Tesla. Unlike Nissan Tesla does not limit the power to the motor at the start.
TM-Spy. Cool.

Will TM-Spy work with the Model 3? Hope to get M3 next month.
There is a good chance I can get something working for the Model 3 once I learn more about it.

As I understand it, some wiring will be needed to connect to the CAN bus as there is no connector.

lorenfb
Posts: 2393
Joined: Tue Dec 17, 2013 10:53 pm
Delivery Date: 22 Nov 2013
Leaf Number: 416635
Location: SoCal

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.

Here is a graph of data captured with the next version of LeafSpy Pro I am working on. Blue is voltage and Read is battery amps. This is of a full power run on my 2011 Leaf Hx of 38.36. You can see the Leaf limiting power to the motor at the start. The voltage drop should be directly related to the internal resistance of the battery.

As you can see this version of LeafSpy supports sample rates 30 times faster than the current version (even with logging enabled). This is accomplished by read data from only a single ECU. So the data logged is limited to what the ECU provides for that CAN message.

It would be interesting to see what a new 2018 Leaf graph would look like.
Thanks for this feature!

Roughly reading the Leaf graph;

delta V = 365 - 335 = 30, delta I = 250
R (battery resistance) ~ = .120 ohms (120 mohms)

The key parameter to know, though, is the battery temp when the data were taken and the vehicle's age/mileage.
My Leaf at 65k and 26 C has a resistance of about 84 mohms. Once LeafSpy is updated for this feature, I'll compare it to LeafDD.
Was the Hx of 38 the value during the test or before/after the test? It would be interesting to compare the values before/during/after
the test.

Dave with his 2018 Leaf did a battery resistance test using a QC, i.e. battery voltage just prior to the start of a QC minus
the immediate battery voltage divided by the peak start charging current. The measured resistance was about 100 mohms.
That test obviously would not be as good as the proposed LeafSpy test.
#1 Leaf SL MY 9/13: 76K miles, 47 Ahrs, 5.0 miles/kWh (average), Hx=70, SOH=78, L2 - 100% > 1000, temp < 95F, (DOD) > 20 Ahrs
#2 Leaf SL MY 12/18: 10.3K miles, SOH 109Ahrs/115Ahrs, 5.2 miles/kWh (average), DOD > 20%, temp < 105F

goldbrick
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### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.
Nice!
Turbo3 wrote: You can see the Leaf limiting power to the motor at the start.
Is that the ramp when the current rises or is it something else??

Turbo3
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### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

goldbrick wrote:
Turbo3 wrote:To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.
Nice!
Turbo3 wrote: You can see the Leaf limiting power to the motor at the start.
Is that the ramp when the current rises or is it something else??
Yes, you can see it jump up to 25 Amps but then slowly ramp up to 250 Amps. Input was accelerator pressed to the floor after the light turned Green.

GerryAZ
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### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:
goldbrick wrote:
Turbo3 wrote:To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.
Nice!
Turbo3 wrote: You can see the Leaf limiting power to the motor at the start.
Is that the ramp when the current rises or is it something else??
Yes, you can see it jump up to 25 Amps but then slowly ramp up to 250 Amps. Input was accelerator pressed to the floor after the light turned Green.
Is the graph from your 2011, just flooring the accelerator? If so, I suspect the later models will show slower current ramping. I noticed slower acceleration with the 2015 compared to the 2011 as soon as I got it. Someone told me to feather the accelerator on the 2015 to get best acceleration--done right, it is almost as quick as the 2011. I will try it with my 2015 as soon as I get the updated Leaf Spy.
Gerry
Silver LEAF 2011 SL rear ended (totaled) by in-attentive driver 1/4/2015 at 50,422 miles
Silver LEAF 2015 SL purchased 2/7/2015; traded 8/10/2019 at 82,436 miles
White LEAF 2019 SL Plus purchased 8/10/2019

dwl
Posts: 107
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 5:06 pm
Delivery Date: 08 Jan 2016
Leaf Number: 112097
Location: New Zealand

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:To help better understand Hx I am adding some new capabilities to LeafSpy Pro.
Great news. This parameter is confusing and your efforts with LeafSpy are really appreciated.

The following data from the https://flipthefleet.org/ database might help understand the spread we are seeing here in New Zealand. The labels may be confusing where Gen1 are MY2011-2012 and Gen2 are MY2013-2017. There are also a few data points from 2018 cars which show a significant drop in Hx over the last 5 months (e.g. start at 115, drop to 105) so for those cars the reported Hx is more of a mystery.

The INL data from https://avt.inl.gov/vehicle-button/2013-nissan-leaf provides some insight into variations of resistance for different SoC and it seems filtering results for mid range might provide more consistent answers and ideally any records would be labelled with SoC .

As mentioned above, recording of temperature is also valuable. Keep up the great work.
2014 S - 6000 km Jan 2016; 45000 km May 2017 95% SoH; 68,000 km Mar 2018 90% SoH

dwl
Posts: 107
Joined: Tue Jan 05, 2016 5:06 pm
Delivery Date: 08 Jan 2016
Leaf Number: 112097
Location: New Zealand

### Re: Capacity vs Hx (Health)

Turbo3 wrote:As you can see this version of LeafSpy supports sample rates 30 times faster than the current version (even with logging enabled). This is accomplished by read data from only a single ECU. So the data logged is limited to what the ECU provides for that CAN message.
This is great work. Can you please clarify the sampling rates now possible and when this version might be released?
2014 S - 6000 km Jan 2016; 45000 km May 2017 95% SoH; 68,000 km Mar 2018 90% SoH